See the full video at https://rumble.com/c/c-262921 and at https://youtu.be/3vB2cshzSEU Px19659003] To understand claims for construction defects and disputes regarding construction defects, it is necessary to first have a basic understanding of construction, what is correct and wise and what can go wrong. Building regulations prescribe basic standards. When these standards are not followed or are not followed carefully, a building can fail. It can leak or tilt or even fall down.
Typical single-family houses built during the last century were built with a wooden frame built on top of a concrete foundation. The base is either raised on bridges or poured flat on the grade. The wood that makes up the wooden frame is usually clad with lath (thin wooden strips) or a moisture-proof paper with a wire cover covered with stucco (a durable porous concrete product), insulation and surface treatment system (artificial stucco) or wood or vinyl exterior walls. The inner walls are usually finished with plaster (plaster covered with paper which, when finished, looks like paint and plaster) or, in older structures, wood varnish and plaster. Basic single-family houses are usually one to two storeys in height and range from 900 to 3500 square meters. Of course, there are also "mansions" where a single family can live in a 20,000 square meter structure. It has become common to rebuild old homes of 900 – 1100 square meters to 5,000 to 7,000 square meters "McMansions" in small residential areas. These extreme rebuilding efforts often contradict allegations of design flaws.
Defects in the footrests can cause the home to sink, slip or tilt and cause plaster walls and stucco to crack; roofs, windows and doors to lose their waterproof seals; and doors to crack.
In addition to bases, foundations can be created with piles of wood, concrete or sometimes metal pillars that are driven into the ground and used to support the structure and prevent it from sinking. The piles are either driven down until they hit the bedrock, or if the bedrock is too difficult to reach, the piles are driven to a depth where the ground friction towards the pile side is sufficient to prevent further downward movement.