قالب وردپرس درنا توس
Home / Insurance / Risk of drunk driving during holidays

Risk of drunk driving during holidays



 Prevent drunk driving With the permission of iii.org

Alcohol is an important factor in traffic accidents. Based on data from the US Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), an alcohol-related traffic death occurred every 51 minutes in 2015. Motorcyclists with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of 0.08 percent or higher, the legal definition of drunk driving. According to NHTSA, 10,265 people died in alcohol-related accidents in 2015, an increase of 3.2 percent from 9,943 in 2014. In 2015, deaths in alcohol-related crashes accounted for 29 percent of all fatal accidents in accidents.

The definition of drunk driving had been consistent throughout driving. United States until March 201

7. All states and the District of Columbia defined disability as driving a BAC (blood alcohol concentration) at or above 0.08 percent. In addition, they have all zero tolerance laws that prohibit drivers under the age of 21 from driving alcohol and driving a car. In general, the BAC limit in these cases is 0.02 percent. In March 2017, the governor of Utah signed a bill, which came into force on December 30, 2018, that lowered the limit defining reduced driving for most drivers to 0.05 percent BAC, the lowest in the country.

Campaigns against drunk driving are particularly targeted at drivers under the age of 21, repeat offenders and 21- to 34-year-olds, the age group responsible for more alcohol-related fatalities than anyone else. Young drivers are the least sensitive to arguments against drunk driving, according to the NHTSA.

To make liquor sellers and servers more careful about who and how they serve drinks, 42 states and the District of Columbia have enacted laws or have case laws. which holds commercial liquor servers legally liable for damages, injuries and deaths caused by a drunk driver. Thirty-nine states have enacted laws or jurisprudence that allow social hosts who serve alcohol to people who are later involved in crashes to be held responsible for any injuries or deaths. (See diagram below and background.)

Recent developments

  • Recent data from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) indicate that the 10,265 alcohol-related deaths in 2015 accounted for approximately one in three highway deaths (29 percent)) on American roads. There were 9,943 such deaths in 2014.
  • Ignition interlock systems require drivers to blow into a breathalyzer-like device to ensure that the person is sober before the vehicle is allowed to start. According to a report released in January 2017 by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, the number of road deaths has dropped by 7 percent in states that require first-class drunk driving. The researchers studied traffic fatalities for about five years before states began enacting interception laws in the late 1980s until 2013, when all states required them under certain circumstances. See Background, recidivist.
  • Gender by gender: Latest NHTSA data show that 14 percent of female drivers involved in fatal accidents in 2015 (1,761 drivers) were under the influence of alcohol, only 1 percentage point lower. compared to 2006. By comparison, 21 percent of male drivers involved in fatal accidents were under the influence of alcohol in 2015, a decrease from 24 percent in 2006.
  • Drunk Driving by Age: According to data from NHTSA 2015, the proportion of drivers in fatal accidents was were under the influence of alcohol for a maximum of 21 to 24-year-old drivers, 28 percent, followed by 25 to 34-year-old drivers, 27 percent, and 35 to 44-year-old drivers, 23 percent. . The proportion of drivers affected by alcohol in fatal accidents was 19 per cent for 45 to 54-year-olds, 16 per cent for 16 to 20-year-olds, 14 per cent for 55 to 64-year-olds, 9 per cent for 65 to 74-year-olds and 6 per cent for drivers over 74 years.
  • Reputation by vehicle type: NHTSA data for 2015 show that 27 percent of motorcyclists involved in fatal accidents were under the influence of alcohol, compared with 21 percent of passenger car drivers and 20 percent of light truck drivers. Only 2 percent of major truck drivers involved in fatal accidents in 2015 were under the influence of alcohol.
  • Social Host Liability: The Massachusetts Supreme Court ruled in February 2012 that social hosts could be held liable for off-premise personal injury caused by a guest. drunk driving only if the host served alcohol or made available. People who arrange "bring your own" parties are free from liability, even if the guest is a minor. The court rejected an attempt by parents of an injured 16-year-old to sue a party's 18-year-old host. The younger person was injured in a collision in a car driven by someone who brought his own alcohol to the party. What mattered was the fact that the driver, not the party host, delivered the liquor. Although the lawsuit claimed that the host would be found negligent for allowing the driver to drink in her home, the court said that previous rulings showed that hosts cannot be responsible for their guests' drinking if they do not control the availability of alcohol. Massachusetts Laws and Courts Have Made Social Hosts Responsible If They Provide Alcohol (See Chart: STATUTES OR COURTS WHO HOLD ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES RESPONSIBLE).
  • Also in February 2012, the New Mexico Supreme Court ruled that a jury found that the driver was intoxicated, and overruled a decision in a 2004 case. Evidence presented in the previous trial showed that a driver who drove and killed a motorcyclist had an alcohol content of 0.09 percent five hours after the accident. The owners of the petrol station where the driver worked and drank a number of beers bought at the petrol station relied on ignorance of the driver's condition. The court ruled that the blood test results were sufficient to prove that the driver was drunk. The judgment holds liquor sellers liable for liability where evidence is available under the existing Dram Shop Act.

Source link