We do not often talk about the capital insurance policy. This is largely due to the fact that they are no longer a thing in the United States. But just because you will not find them for sale does not mean that there is still some form of additional policy. So let's take the day to explain these special life insurance contracts when we cry softly over the fact that you can no longer buy them.
Oh, a really quick note, I don't mean Modified Endowment Contract, which is a completely different thing It is really available "for sale" in the United States today.
What is a capital add-on policy?
The remuneration policy was a form of life insurance that served as a savings plan for the buyer. In the beginning, the buyer (usually also the insured) chose a sum of money and the life insurance company calculated a premium that was required to achieve this savings target at some future date (often the buyer's 65 years).
Payment principle Example
Mortimer wants to save $ 250,000 at the time he turns 65. He decides to do this through a grant policy. The premium he needs to pay is $ 4,000 a year. If Mortimer pays this premium every year, the life insurance company guarantees that he will have $ 250,000 at age 65, which he will receive as a lump sum.
When the buyer reaches the age selected according to the contract to achieve the savings target and receives the guaranteed amount he / she chose at the start of the contract, the contract is "endows". Endowment simply an insurance contract to complete or mature. That is the point when the paid premiums meet the buyer's obligation to receive the cash benefit that he / she chose.
But wait, there is more …
Compensation contracts also have a life insurance component. If the buyer at any time before the year of death of the buyer, the life insurance company issuing the grant policy will pay a death benefit corresponding to the savings target of the designated beneficiary (s) in the capital injection.
Death with an Endowment Example
Unfortunately, Mortimer does not make it to 65 years. He goes away 1
Dividends paid to a capital pension policy
Remuneration policies often participated in contracts, which means that they earned dividends paid in much the same way as life insurance companies pay dividends to whole life insurance owners. This often created donations with much more cash value, death benefits, and final value than originally purchased.
Dividend to dividend examples
Mortimer bought a participating capital and earned several dividends when paying premiums. He was on schedule to get a $ 350,000 lump sum instead of his original $ 250,000 replacement. When he left, his beneficiary received $ 300,000 due to increases generated by dividends.
Distributed dividends on capital adequacy agreements worked with the same tax-friendly functions throughout the distribution of life today. They acted as a tax-free refund of premiums paid to the policyholders.
Borrowing against equalization principles
Like the entire life insurance, expenses granted loans against cash values. If the policyholder needed cash and wanted to take out a loan against his / her grant agreement, he / she had this option. Loans functioned identically to the way the loans work with other life insurance policies.
The loans had no tax consequence while the grant remained in their premium period and the policyholder was free to repay the loan, but he saw the fit.
There was a special consideration for those who lent towards grant agreements. If the revenues amounted to the financial year and paid the cash amount to the owner, the agreement ceased to exist. This would make any profit divided by a loan against the policyholder's taxable ordinary income.
Tax Effects of Expenses
Like ordinary life insurance, the cash value of capital-based pension taxes was estimated. Dividends from capital loans through loans were tax-free.
But … when an allotment had maturity and the life insurance company paid the policyholder the cash amount in cash, the received cash came to the capital owner as taxable ordinary income. This had the potential to cause some problems for individuals with additional tax problems due to high income.
However, there were some options to avoid such problems. First, the policyholder can transfer the payment via 1035 exchanges to a new endowment insurance with a longer capital period (if one exists). Alternatively, the policyholder may choose to transfer cash in a capital injection to an annuity contract to continue to postpone the tax liability on the accumulation of cash values. Old annuity tax legislation favored this strategy because annuity at one time enjoyed first in-first-out disclosure of dividends – that's not the case today. This made it possible to transfer capital injections to an annuity, withdraw the base from the annuity tax-free, and let the profits continue to grow tax debt.
What happened to them?
Endowments were an unfortunate accident in the laws that set speed limits on excessive life insurance fees. When the Congress established life insurance qualification tests that attempted to limit the amount of cash value and / or premiums that could exist within an insurance contract against its death benefit, donations no longer fit the definition of life insurance.
The build-up of the cash value in capital injections was quite high with life insurance standards and it led to contracts that postponed a lot of taxes for a while. This sought after feature was also the repentance of talent.
When the tax legislation changed in the 1980s and donations that are no longer qualified as life insurance, they no longer deduct the many tax benefits that life insurance enjoys. As a result, the life insurance industry ceased to offer them with a small exception.
Gerber Life Grow-Up Plan® is a grant agreement, which is why Grow Up Plan does not equalize tax benefits in the same way many life insurance contracts generate them.
Although capital injections are no longer available for sale, people who bought them before tax legislation will still benefit from them. They can still get their one-time benefit at the dividend. They can still borrow against them without tax liability while the contract is still in the premium payment period. They can also choose to transfer the cash via 1035 exchanges to an annuity (not to life insurance) if they wish – but they cannot use the old FIFO trick to withdraw tax free.
Or they can simply take their stubborn cash benefits all the time and know that if they die before the day, when the life insurance company owes them, their beneficiaries will get that lump sum instead, earlier than originally planned, and tax-free because it is one death benefit.